Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine are drugs approved by the FDA to treat malaria, Hydroxychloroquine is also approved to treat lupus and rheumatoid arthritis due to its anti-inflammatory properties.
Hydroxychloroquine is a derivative of chloroquine that has a similar structure but different chemical and biological properties, chloroquine is less toxic to humans than hydroxychloroquine.
Drugs have been in the news in recent weeks because of their alleged potential to treat COVID-19.
President Donald Trump has said repeatedly that chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine can be used to treat the novel coronavirus, leading to aggresive buying and shortage for patients who are prescribed the drugs.
The potential downside of the drugs is that the COVID-19 studies up to this point have been limited at best, and positive test results may be anecdotal.
While the CDC has said both drugs have been well-tolerated in COVID-19 patients, side effects include seizures, nausea, vomiting, deafness, vision changes and low blood pressure.
In addition, ingesting too much of either drug could be deadly, while at present it is the matter of responsibility to not create any kind of panic and wait for doctors and scientists to come forward with some perfect results.